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Are We Birkin Up The Wrong Tree?

The Hermes diamond and Himalayan Nilo Crocodile Birkin handbag at Heritage Auctions offices in Beverly Hills, California September 22, 2014. Image credit: REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni/File Photo

The iconic Hermes Birkin handbag is said to be a worthy investment, outperforming gold and the S&P 500 in investment returns and stability. CSI Prop investigates how this bag holds up against brick and mortar.

So the Birkin smashed the almighty Box Office of Buzzwords a few days ago when a raid at one of former Malaysian PM Najib Razak’s residences uncovered the haul of the century: 284 boxes of luxury handbags, a good number of which were in the signature Hermes orange hue.

The former PM’s missus, as the entire world probably knows by now, is a huge fan of the Birkin. Word on the street is that a rare, record-setting Hermes Birkin could be among the 284 handbags seized during the raid. The purse, which has white gold and diamond hardware, fetched an eye-watering $221,755 at an auction in Hong Kong in 2015 — the most expensive bag sold at auction at the time.

One wonders if Datin Sri Rosmah’s collection could give Victoria Beckham a run for her Birkins (note: Mrs B apparently has 100 Birkin handbags). Especially since a New York Times article reportedly quoted a broker’s estimation of Datin Sri Rosmah’s Hermes Birkin collection to be worth at least US$10 million.

Whatever the rumour, it looks like the cat’s finally out of the handbag…err, bag.

So, what has a handbag got to do with property, you might ask. Here’s our cheeky comparison between bag and brick — after all, both are investments in their own right and share many similarities. Or do they? You decide.   

The cat’s out of the (hand)bag: Some of the Birkin handbags confiscated from one of former PM Najib Razak’s residences last week. Image credit: The Malay Mail Online/Hari Anggara

TOP 5 BRICK VS BAG

  1. Time = Perfection

It takes Hermes artisans a minimum of 5 years training before they’re allowed to independently create a Birkin. The artisan makes a Birkin by hand from start to end, a process which takes possibly up to 48 hours.

A house, however, takes a good many months or years to complete, requiring the skill of experts from various fields in order for it to withstand way more than a huff, a puff and a blowing down by the Big Bad Wolf.

  1. Undersupply = Exclusivity

Birkins are expensive because they are scarce, with only 200,000 bags in circulation around the world. One cannot simply buy a Birkin without a purchase history at the store or knowing someone who has bought a Birkin, before getting on the wait list.

Property prices are also governed by the rule of demand vs supply. The UK is experiencing a critical undersupply of homes, and the government is facing challenges in achieving its goal of building 300,000 homes a year to even out the demand-supply balance. This continues to push property prices upward, making it increasingly difficult for first-time house buyers to get on to the property ladder. Oh, and for the record, you can’t own a property just like that either — you need to clear checks by the regulators first. Think AML, bank loan approvals, that sort of thing.

  1. The Right Price

The price of the humblest Birkin starts at around $12,000. It could go all the way up to more than $200,000. That’s the price of a house in some parts of Petaling Jaya, according to a report in The Star.

Property is expensive, too; the greater the undersupply, the higher the price. Take Melbourne property as an example. AUD$500,000 could likely get you a landed property, but we’re talking some 16km away from the city centre. For AUD$550,000 you may get a 2-bedroom apartment in the stylish Palladium Tower apartments in Melbourne CBD, but apartments in this part of the city, at this price, is becoming a rare find (call us if you’re interested; we can hook you up).

  1. Capital Appreciation

According to research by Baghunter, the price of the Birkin had risen by an average of 14.2% since its launch, outperforming traditional investments such as the S&P 500 and gold markets. A Himalaya Birkin handbag made from the albino Nilo crocodile hide with white gold and diamond hardware and auctioned in 2014, was reported to cost as much as a 2-bed/2-bath apartment in the heart of Brisbane!

Interestingly, Savills predicts that property in the UK will grow by 14.2% over the next five years in spite of Brexit-related uncertainty. One might argue that this was a drop from the 28% price growth between 2013 and 2018 but, hey, that was during the good times. Like, pre-Referendum. We remain confident that the UK will recover after a spell of uncertainty following Brexit in 2019. 

In Australia, meanwhile, the average price of a property in Melbourne had increased by more than 6-fold from A$142,000 to A$943,100 today!

And we haven’t even talked about rental yields yet! Investment in the UK commercial property sector such as purpose built student accommodation and commercial care homes, can fetch handsome yields of up to 9%!

  1. The Show-Off Factor

Of course, all said and done, one can debate that you could bring a Birkin anywhere and show it off to anyone, while a property is most ‘inconveniently’ tied to the location in which it is built.

OK, that’s true but, hey, you can’t live in a handbag, can you?

Birkin worshippers will probably have more compelling reasons why the Birkin makes a fantastic investment, and naysayers would have equally compelling arguments for rebuttal. Perhaps we could all put ourselves in the shoes (or sandals) of the current Prime Minister and think on how to have a bata (better) management of our finances. What are your thoughts? Share with us in the comment box below. Or if you think your money is better spent on property investment, give us a call at 03-2162 2260! Don’t be birkin up the wrong tree now!

Current PM Tun M seems to have a bata grasp of what the simple things in life is. Image credit: gempak dot com
By Vivienne Pal

Source:

  • https://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/fashion/284-luxury-handbags-seized-from-najib-linked-apartments-5-things-about-the-hermes
  • www.realstyle.therealreal.com/how-long-it-takes-make-one-birkin/
  • http://says.com/my/lifestyle/what-are-hermes-birkin-bags-and-why-the-heck-are-they-so-expensive
  • www.csiprop.com/uk-property-outlook-2018/
  • http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5749817/Study-reveals-500-000-buy-Australias-cities.html
  • https://baghunter.com/blogs/insights/why-are-birkin-bags-so-expensive
  • http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2018/05/18/forget-gold-stocks-buy-birkin-handbags/
  • http://www.savills.com/_news/article/3359/224244-0/11/2017/uncertainty-and-lending-constraints-to-slow-5-year-house-price-growth-and-limit-house-buying-activity.-rents-to-keep-pace-with-wages–but-landlords-feel-the-squeeze
  • https://www.businessinsider.my/uk-house-prices-will-they-rise-or-fall-in-2019-2017-9/?r=UK&IR=T
  • https://www.businessinsider.com.au/a-home-in-sydney-now-costs-more-than-14-times-average-earnings-2017-4
  • www.csiprop.com/care-homes-investment-stand-asset-class/
  • https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/05/19/hermes-birkin-pinnacle-of-bag-perfection/
  • Image credit: Reuters

 

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#GE14: Investors and the Battle for Malaysia

In just a matter of hours, Malaysia will enter what could be the biggest tussle for leadership yet — the 14th General Election. Image credit: Asian Business Software Solutions

In just a matter of hours, Malaysia will enter what could be the biggest tussle for leadership yet: the 14th General Election (#GE14).

Once again, the incumbent government faces a serious onslaught (its most critical since Independence, perhaps) as factions from the Opposition unite to mount a formidable challenge for rulership of the land. As the latter’s weapon of warfare looms in the shape of 92-year-old former Prime Minister, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad; the former continues to push its promises of cash and stability-in-the-status-quo to the masses.

The rising costs of living hogs the spotlight this #GE14, but yet another issue coming to a head as voters go to the polls tomorrow, is the lack of affordable housing, especially for middle class urbanites known as the M40 (ostensibly because they form part of the middle 40 percentile). This is an issue most pronounced in the bustling urban constituencies of Kuala Lumpur, Selangor and Johor Bahru. 

Bank Negara in its quarterly bulletin in Feb 2018, noted that homes had become “seriously unaffordable” in 2016 by international standards. The local media has also reported extensively on the lacklustre performance of the Malaysian property market and now, with the spectre of the general election looming ahead, contesting parties have pledged to tackle housing affordability as part of their election manifestos.

Not only is the M40 watching for the change(s) that could come with the #GE14; investors are paying close attention, too.

Currently, investors are adopting a wait-and-see approach. Wealthy Malaysian investors are diversifying their money into real estate opportunities across residential and commercial properties both at home and overseas, as well as assets such as bonds and gold in light of a more cautious market and the upcoming general election. The general sentiment is that investments into local property could pick up after the election once the dust settles and new policies are put into place.

Be that as it may, Knight Frank’s latest Wealth Report Attitudes Survey 2018 reveals that 43% of its Malaysian clients have plans to invest in properties overseas, going forward, with the top five overseas destinations being Australia, United Kingdom, Singapore, New Zealand and the United States. Interestingly, Malaysia tops the survey, followed by Hong Kong (40%), China (37%) and Singapore (30%).

The rising interest in overseas properties investment is not surprising, given the favourable returns that investors get (our portfolio of property investments can offer up to 10% nett returns for 10 years!).

“With the current property glut and wait-and-see approach adopted by investors, it is certainly a driver to continue investing abroad,” says Knight Frank Asia Pacific head of research, Nicholas Holt.

In a recent article in The Malaysian Reserve, Henry Butcher Real Estate Sdn Bhd COO Tang Chee Meng said that speculators and investors have been deterred by a host of issues including oversupply in certain locations, cooling measures by the government and cap on loan margins. The reduced interest from developers, he added, had resulted in more sluggish take-up rates for developers, thus contributing to the increase in the overhang statistics.

Stagnating rental growth rates have also clouded the local property market. And, with new developments moving at such a rapid rate, the rental market is hard pressed to keep up.

After tomorrow, the next few months will be crucial. The nation will be watching to see if promises are kept and if manifestos on bread-and-butter and housing issues will take effect in reality.

To all Malaysians traveling to cast their votes this #GE14, CSI Prop wishes you a safe journey. Selamat Mengundi.

By Vivienne Pal

Sources:


CSI Prop proudly promotes international investment property with high yields at low risk. Our portfolio comprises residential and purpose-built student property in cities across the United Kingdom (London, Luton, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, York, Glasgow, Scotland; Sheffield, etc); Australia (Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane) and Thailand (Bangkok). Our projects are concentrated in high-growth areas with great educational, infrastructural and job growth potentials. We aspire to make a difference in the lives of our clients by helping them achieve their investment goals through strong market research backed by third party experts and due diligence. 

Disclaimer: CSI Prop does not provide tax & legal advice and accepts no liability. Readers are encouraged to consult a qualified tax or legal advisor for a thorough review.

Need advice or clarification? Call us for more information and/or to find out about our projects! Hotline: 03-2162 2260

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Hello Melbourne, Move Over Sydney

Melbourne could be Australia’s next biggest city by 2031 if growth trends continue (Photo: Leigh Hennigham)

Right now Sydney is Australia’s largest city, but this may no longer be true by 2031 if current growth trends continue.

According to demographer Bernard Salt, if Melbourne maintains its current growth rate, its population will surpass that of Sydney by 2031, well ahead of previous estimates.

Historically, the population of Melbourne once exceeded Sydney’s back in the gold rush-inspired 1850s. By the time of Federation — the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia — both cities were about the same size at half a million people each.

However, at the end of the 20th century, it was Sydney that took the lead with close to 4 million people, higher than Melbourne by about 600,000.

Sydney’s current lead is close to 350,000 but it is losing ground at a rate of 20,000 a year.

The difference in population between Sydney and Melbourne (The Australian)

Why is Melbourne attracting more growth than Sydney?

According to Mr Salt, Melbourne offers what Sydney cannot or is inclined not to offer — access to affordable housing on the urban fringes. Where the price for a house and land package on the fringes starts with the number three in Melbourne, Sydney’s more distant equivalent starts with a five.

Mr Salt added that it was the policies — Sydney’s “full” and Melbourne at 2030 — which changed the long-term fortunes of both cities.

Bob Carr, Labour premier and environmentalist, declared Sydney full in 2000. This led his government not to invest enough in infrastructure to accommodate expansion. Melbourne, on the other hand, planned for growth under Jeffrey Kennett’s government in the 90s, forming a plan for 5 million residents by 2030.

This plan opened up the Melbourne’s west region to new development and was the beginning of its transformation. Within a decade, the Gold Coast lost its place as the nation’s fastest-growing region to Melbourne’s west.

In November 2007, census ­results confirmed that Melbourne was closing the gap on Australia’s previously untouchable Emerald City. This trend has continued, and the last figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics showed that Melbourne added a record-breaking 108,000 residents whilst Sydney added just 83,000 — in the year to June 2016.

The housing and jobseeker market most readily gravitates to cities that deliver housing affordability combined with access to a capital city job market. And that is precisely what Melbourne is doing better than Sydney in the 21st century.

Whilst Sydney’s house prices continue to fall, Melbourne’s housing remains in demand. In the year to April 2018 house prices in Sydney have dropped by about 2.1%, whilst Melbourne has managed a healthy 5.3% increase.

The Future of Melbourne

As Melbourne continues to grow, it will reach an estimated 8 million residents by the early 2050s. More development of housing and infrastructure will be needed in order to keep pace with the city’s booming population.

Melbourne City Council has already submitted a proposal for two more underground rail tunnels by 2035 to cope with exploding population growth. The proposal also includes its trams having road and traffic light priority throughout the city – as in Zurich – to cope with the demand. An extra 116,000 people are expected to take trains into the city in the morning peak by 2031, which is almost double the present number.

The two proposed rail tunnels (Metro 1 & 2), with another – Metro 3 – a second airport rail line linking to Southern Cross (The Age)

Property group Stockland has recently announced plans to deliver more than 1,600 homes in the Melbourne suburb of Truganina. The $540 million residential project will be less than 30 kilometres from the CBD, and will span a 138-hectare area, comprising a community activity centre, local parks, town centre, primary school and a 54-hectare conservation zone.

For those that would rather live closer to the city, and have less need for a house and land package, Melbourne’s prime CBD zone is where it’s at. There have been several new luxury apartment developments in the CBD, one of them being the strategically-located Palladium Tower, which achieved an amazing 98 out of 100 walk score!

With a full host of amenities and a Woolworths supermarket on the ground floor, it offers luxury living right within reach of everything Melbourne has to offer. The Crown Casino is right opposite, and 2 tram lines on both sides lead into the CBD near the Free Tram Zone. The development is fully FIRB approved, and commands a high rental yield with an average of around 5.2%.

Article by Ian Choong

  • https://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/bettercities/melbourne-set-to-become-nations-most-populous-city-by-2030s/news-story/59ab02029829655b7be9e894a0133cbc?nk=122e6921473baa0added54bc530e46f3-1524031882
  • https://theurbandeveloper.com/articles/stockland-to-develop-540m-residential-project-in-melbourne
  • https://www.smh.com.au/business/the-economy/sydney-melbourne-property-prices-continue-to-slide-20180403-p4z7i2.html
  • https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/melbourne-needs-two-new-rail-tunnels-by-2035-council-says-20180419-p4zalf.html
  • http://www.afr.com/real-estate/sydney-house-prices-fall-21pc-in-the-year-to-march-20180402-h0y91k
  • https://csiprop.com/changing-face-of-melbourne/
  • https://csiprop.com/properties/palladium-tower/

CSI Prop proudly promotes international investment property with high yields at low risk. Our portfolio comprises residential and purpose-built student property in cities across the United Kingdom (London, Luton, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, York, Glasgow, Scotland; Sheffield, etc); Australia (Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane) and Thailand (Bangkok). Our projects are concentrated in high-growth areas with great educational, infrastructural and job growth potentials. We aspire to make a difference in the lives of our clients by helping them achieve their investment goals through strong market research backed by third party experts and due diligence. 

Disclaimer: CSI Prop does not provide tax & legal advice and accepts no liability. Readers are encouraged to consult a qualified tax or legal advisor for a thorough review.

Need advice or clarification? Call us for more information and/or to find out about our projects! Hotline: 03-2162 2260

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How It’s Done: House Valuation in Melbourne

While there are plenty who claim expertise in the art of valuing homes, the reality is that it’s a little more complicated and less predictable than one might think.

Recent news highlights Australia as having some of the priciest accommodation in the world. As a nation with an iconic property market, it’s no surprise how the topic of house valuation has slowly integrated itself into the average Australian day. Even among non-homeowners, estimating the selling price of houses has become a sort of hobby; many attend auctions despite not having any intention to bid for a property.

While there are plenty who claim expertise in the art of valuing homes, the reality is that it’s a little more complicated and less predictable than one might think.

House Valuation: Location, Housing Features & Circumstance

The basis of house valuation predictably involves the essentials of the house itself. The assessment method is as follows: evaluating the property’s location, land value and accommodation, followed by any additional features such as swimming pools, landscaped gardens and development restrictions.

After all primary information is gathered, they are pooled into comparable sales data as required under Victorian law since new underquoting legislation was made effective on May 1, 2017. Underquoting refers to the practice of misleading a buyer about the likely sale price of a property. These laws necessitate that agents provide potential buyers with details of three comparable sales in a statement of information, as well as an indicative selling price no lower than the seller’s asking price.

Mixed reviews accompany this newly implemented law: some express disapproval over the unseemly properties chosen for comparison, but, most experts have deduced the impact to be generally positive.

“The new price-quoting legislation has seen a shift in the manner in which agents advertise and quote property prices, with a reduced margin between the advertised estimated price and the actual sale price,” says Real Estate Institute of Victoria president Richard Simpson.

Despite such practices guiding property price-listing processes, things could still change during a sales campaign, based on interest recorded at open for inspections.

Jellis Craig director and auctioneer Dallas Taylor brings one last unforeseeable — and very crucial — factor to attention: emotional attachment.

“There’s an element of emotion there that you can’t put into the equation when valuing a property. Emotion might come from the buyer’s parents living around the corner or a triple garage that would be perfect for a home business,” Taylor says.

High demand is, of course, another factor that greatly contributes to the pricing of any particular property. RT Edgar director Oliver Booth provides a possible scenario favourable to landlords: “If you’ve got three people who all like it and all want it, the price is going to go up.”

Which is precisely what’s been happening in all property hotspots all over the world. All the time. 

Which are your favourite suburbs in Australia? Let us know in the comments below!

By Nimue Wafiya


Source:

https://www.domain.com.au/news/how-the-experts-put-a-value-on-melbourne-property-20180302-h0vyop/


CSI Prop proudly promotes international investment property with high yields at low risk. Our portfolio comprises residential and purpose-built student property in cities across the United Kingdom (London, Luton, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, York, Glasgow, Scotland; Sheffield, etc); Australia (Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane) and Thailand (Bangkok). Our projects are concentrated in high-growth areas with great educational, infrastructural and job growth potentials. We aspire to make a difference in the lives of our clients by helping them achieve their investment goals through strong market research backed by third party experts and due diligence. 

Disclaimer: CSI Prop does not provide tax & legal advice and accepts no liability. Readers are encouraged to consult a qualified tax or legal advisor for a thorough review.

Need advice or clarification? Call us for more information and/or to find out about our projects! Hotline: 03-2162 2260

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Is Growth in Store for Australian House Prices?

What’s in store for the Australian housing market in terms of price growth?

This year will not be a bumper one for the Australian housing market; Sydney will drag Australia house prices down this year. But will it be all doom and gloom moving forward? What does the future hold?

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (ANZ) economists say Australian house prices will start to go up this year, with higher growth expected in 2019.

Australian house prices are 0.8% higher than they were 12 months ago. ANZ forecasts a growth of 1.8 % this year, which will pick up to 3.6% in 2019.

Senior ANZ economists Daniel Gradwell and Joanne Masters said, “We think most of the slowdown has already occurred. We retain our view that prices will not materially decline. Over the near term, auction results in Sydney and Melbourne suggest that the majority of the price growth adjustment is behind us.”

Australia housing price forecast to 2019: Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (ANZ) economists say Australian house prices will start to go up this year, with higher growth expected in 2019. Source: ANZ & Domain

The economists see the strong labour market and rising incomes as the main drivers of price growth, with the absence of an interest rate increase this year also supporting house prices.

However, Morgan Stanley analysts aren’t as confident, seeing risks building in 2018 after several months of house price weakness and a potential for increased regulatory pressure.

“Conditions for housing for the remainder of 2018 continue to look challenging with further regulatory tightening of credit, an increasing stock of properties to be settled, and continued uncertainty on government policy for housing as the election cycle looms,” equity strategists led by Daniel Blake wrote to clients this week.

“This leaves us cautious on the outlook not just for housing, but the broader economy in 2018, given the leveraged exposure of the economy to the property market.”

Australia housing price forecast by states to 2019: Melbourne and Hobart take the lead again in house price growth moving into 2019. Source: ANZ & Domain

AMP chief economist and head of investment strategy Shane Oliver said that a looming house price crash was unlikely.

Debt serviceability remains relatively strong, with APRA’s rule tightening leading to a drop in interest-only lending, and mortgage stress appears to be low, for now.

House price growth by market segment : Data reveals that, unlike Sydney, Melbourne has seen continual price growth for most market segments throughout the year, albeit at a moderated rate. Source: ANZ & Domain

“To see a property crash we probably need much higher interest rates or unemployment (neither of which are expected) or a continuation of recent high construction for several years (which is unlikely as approvals have cooled from their 2016 highs),” Dr Oliver wrote.

ANZ predicts that Melbourne and Hobart will continue to outperform the rest of the Australian capital cities, like Sydney and Perth. We discussed extensively the growth of Melbourne and the emergence of Hobart in our 2018 outlook on the Australian housing market.

First-home buyers are replacing investors

Tighter regulations governing the number of investor and interest-only lending has seen a significant pullback in buying activity from those types of buyers, ANZ research shows.

Last year, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) changed the rules for lending to investors and interest-only borrowers. There has been an increase in interest rates for these types of borrowers, and serviceability calculations and loan-to-value (LTV) ratio requirements have also been affected.

Financing for Investors vs Owner-Occupiers 2005-2018: While tightened regulations continue to moderate investor sentiment, it will not be at too substantial an extent, given that the Australian housing market is underpinned by strong population growth and housing demand. Source: ANZ & Domain

We are optimistic that while tightened regulations continue to moderate investor sentiment, it will not be at too substantial an extent, given that the Australian housing market is underpinned by strong population growth and housing demand.

However, despite APRA changes reducing the number of investors in the housing market, to a large extent, the gap is being filled by first-home buyers. Government grants and sizeable stamp duty tax concessions in NSW and Victoria have helped spur a revival among first-home buyers.

Number of first home buyer financing commitments 2006-2018: Government grants and sizeable stamp duty tax concessions in NSW and Victoria have helped spur a revival among first-home buyers in recent times. Source: ANZ & Domain

Interest rate hike not expected till 2019

The ANZ economists write that high household debt leaves households sensitive to interest rate increases, but this is unlikely to become an issue this year. They predict that the rate hike will come in mid-2019.

“We do not expect the RBA to hike rates until 2019, and then by only 50 (basis points) in the year, which is unlikely to hit affordability in a material way. Moreover, most households continue to hold a solid buffer.”

While Morgan Stanley remains cautious on the property market, the analysts concede consumer confidence has remained above trend, and building activity has also outstripped expectations.

“These factors are holding up better than past relationships with prices would suggest, which in turn sees the broader impact of the slowdown in housing prices being limited – so far,” the equity analysts wrote.

<pre>Article by Ian Choong</pre>


  • https://www.domain.com.au/money-markets/five-graphs-that-explain-why-the-worst-is-behind-the-australian-property-market-20180405-h0yd27/
  • https://www.domain.com.au/money-markets/whats-next-for-australian-property-prices-3-economic-heavyweights-make-their-case-20180409-h0yijb/
  • www.csiprop.com/australia-property-outlook-2018/

CSI Prop proudly promotes international investment property with high yields at low risk. Our portfolio comprises residential and purpose-built student property in cities across the United Kingdom (London, Luton, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, York, Glasgow, Scotland; Sheffield, etc); Australia (Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane) and Thailand (Bangkok). Our projects are concentrated in high-growth areas with great educational, infrastructural and job growth potentials. We aspire to make a difference in the lives of our clients by helping them achieve their investment goals through strong market research backed by third party experts and due diligence. 

Disclaimer: CSI Prop does not provide tax & legal advice and accepts no liability. Readers are encouraged to consult a qualified tax or legal advisor for a thorough review.

Need advice or clarification? Call us for more information and/or to find out about our projects! Hotline: 03-2162 2260

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Australia has the Happiest Migrants in the World

Australia is ranked within the top 10 happiest countries in the world, holds the number 6 spot for the happiness of foreign-born migrants and is the seventh most accepting country of migrants.

Australia is a good place to settle for both natives and immigrants alike. And why not? The country has a sound economy and banking sector, good governance and some of the best education systems in the world. It is home to not one, but three, of the World’s Most Liveable Cities.

How happy are you in your own country? More specifically, if you now permanently reside in a country that is not your own, how happy are you living where you are now?

Well, if you live in Australia, chances are that you’re a happy camper!

A recent study revealed that Australians — both its native citizens and migrants — are among the world’s happiest people.


Australia’s Top Scores for Happiness

The World Happiness Report 2018, which takes a deep look at how immigration affects the happiness of societies, ranks Australia as the top 10 happiest countries in the world. The report, also ranks Australia as number 6 for the happiness of foreign-born migrants and the seventh most accepting country of migrants in the world. This is especially interesting, given that most of the world’s happiest countries have a high proportion of migrants. In Australia, half the population were either born overseas or has one or both parents born overseas.

Clearly, Australia is a good place to settle for both natives and immigrants alike. And why not? The country has a sound economy and banking sector, good governance and is one of the best education systems in the world. It is home to not one, but three, of the World’s Most Liveable Cities, with Melbourne holding the record of the most liveable city for 7 consecutive years!

Little wonder that Australia’s population growth has been on an uptrend, increasing by another 1.6% to 24.7m in the 12 months to end Sept 2017. That’s one person added every 1 minute and 26 seconds! As expected, the state of Victoria experienced the highest growth in the country, charting a rate of 2.4%.

Is there any surprise, then, to the ever-growing  property market within Australia’s largest cities like Melbourne, and Sydney and Brisbane?,

A recent article on the spiraling growth of Melbourne CBD illustrates the population expansion of the city in detail, and how the city is expected to hit 266,455 residents by 2037 due, largely, to births and immigration, thus driving demand for homes.

But, back to the subject of happiness. The World Happiness Report 2018 says that a factor determining immigrants’ happiness is how accepting the people of the host country are. It also notes that among the 10 happiest countries of the world, Australia has the highest percentage of migrants at 28% of its population.

Perhaps Australia is the most successful multicultural society in the world after all.

Spread the happiness around. Let us know how happy you are wherever you are in the comment box below!

By Marzatul Ruslan

Source:


CSI Prop proudly promotes international investment property with high yields at low risk. Our portfolio comprises residential and purpose-built student property in cities across the United Kingdom (London, Luton, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, York, Glasgow, Scotland; Sheffield, etc); Australia (Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane) and Thailand (Bangkok). Our projects are concentrated in high-growth areas with great educational, infrastructural and job growth potentials. We aspire to make a difference in the lives of our clients by helping them achieve their investment goals through strong market research backed by third party experts and due diligence.

Disclaimer: CSI Prop does not provide tax & legal advice and accepts no liability. Readers are encouraged to consult a qualified tax or legal advisor for a thorough review.

Need advice or clarification? Call us for more information and/or to find out about our projects! Hotline: 03-2162 2260

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The General Election 2018 & the Malaysian Property Market

As the country gears up for the general election, questions abound on its impact on the housing market.

What’s the post-election outlook for the Malaysian property market? 

With Malaysia’s General Election 2018 (GE14) looming just around the corner, house-buyers and investors will undoubtedly ask the question: “What is the post-election outlook for the Malaysian property market?

Bank Negara had announced in November 2017 that the property glut in Malaysia reached its highest level recorded in the past 10 years. At the same time, Deputy Finance Minister Lee Chee Leong announced that the amount of unsold residential units had risen by 40% during the first half of 2017.

During Q1 2017, unsold residential units climbed to 130,690, the highest in the decade.

Over the past few years, the trend in new housing supply has been skewed towards the higher-end property segment. Developers favour the higher-end property segment due to the higher margins it is able to generate, and tend to neglect affordable housing, with it not being as profitable.

Thus, right now, the Malaysian property market is characterised by an oversupply of non-affordable housing. Houses remain out of reach for many households due to the failure of the market to produce a sufficient quantity of affordable housing for the masses.

The maximum affordable house price in Malaysia is estimated by Bank Negara to be RM282,000. However, in 2016 the actual median house price was RM313,000, beyond the means of many households. From 2007 to 2016, house prices grew by 9.8%, while household income only increased by 8.3%.

Housing affordability by income levels in Malaysia, in 2016

Bank Negara reports that out of the almost 150,000 unsold properties (146,497) nationwide in 2017, 83% were priced above RM250,000. 61% of the total unsold units were high-rise properties, 89% of which were priced above RM250,000.

By state, Johor had the largest share of unsold residential units, having more than a quarter of the total units (27%), followed by Selangor (21%), Kuala Lumpur (14%) and Penang (8%).

83% of unsold units in Malaysia in 2017 were above RM 250,000.

Bank Negara governor Tan Sri Muhammad Ibrahim said the government’s efforts in affordable housing are very much needed, and cites the failure of the property market to provide supply in the affordable range.

“If you look at the numbers in 2014 and 2015, the numbers of affordable houses were quite good, accounting for 75% of the supply of residential properties. But in 2016 and 2017, the numbers were reversed, as only 25% of residential properties were in the affordable range.

“Obviously, there was a market failure. If the government did not come in and provide the additional supply of affordable houses, the problem would have been acute,” he said after releasing Bank Negara Malaysia’s 2017 annual report and the Financial Stability and Payment Systems Report 2017.

The Government had, in November, frozen approvals of luxury property developments indefinitely and temporarily halted the development of shopping malls, commercial complexes and condominiums priced above RM1mil to address the oversupply; it is quite clear that the market is on a decline. Works Minister Datuk Fadillah Yusof has since clarified that this freeze would be applied on a case-by-case basis.

Malaysian property market in 2018 and the impact of GE14

There has been much concern that the Malaysian property market is in a bubble. Fears are that the current glut together with the increasing supply pipeline of properties still in construction, will lead to a market crash soon.

Real estate expert Ernest Cheong warned that developers were aggressively marketing their properties because they were in danger of losing their bridging finance from banks. The bridging finance is used by developers to support their construction.

“This is where the danger starts. I predict if this continues, markets will crash within 24 to 30 months because consumers do not have the financial capacity to buy properties any more. Furthermore, developers who started building two years ago are expected to flood the market further with their units.” he said.

Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs’ (IDEAS) senior fellow Carmelo Ferlito stated, “Malaysia is undoubtedly experiencing a housing bubble and the unsold properties are a natural consequence of this bubble.”

Ferlito said it would be crucial for Bank Negara to refrain from supporting the property industry by lowering interest rates or the government bailing out developers. “Intervention will only result in a longer and more painful crisis with prices kept artificially high by the central bank when the market is demanding for lower prices.”

IQI Global chief economist, Shan Saeed opined that the property market in the country is merely undergoing some ‘sector changes’, and that there was no danger of a bubble.

“In some areas, property prices are going up, but there are also areas where the price is going down. The property market moves with GDP (gross domestic product) growth, and the growth is currently very solid and on the upsurge. Customers are still buying (property) because income levels are rising. So I believe these concerns concerning the property market are unfounded,” he said.

Real estate firm Rahim & Co stated that Malaysia is unlikely to face a property bubble with the several pre-emptive measures Bank Negara has already put in to stabilise the market, some of which include abolishing the Developers Benefits Under Liquidity Scheme (DIBS), and tightening of the conditions for financing.

CBRE WTW managing director Foo Gee Jen cites the country’s strong fundamentals and measures by Bank Negara as having moderated the impact from price growth in the last market boom.

“While housing prices in Malaysia have been on the rise, they have not reached an unjustifiable level where the price unreasonably exceeds its economic returns” he says.

Credit rating agency Moody’s expects a decline in property prices due to the supply overhang. “In our view, the increasing oversupply and the prospects of a material property price correction will continue to build as new supply enters the market and poses a risk to Malaysian banks’ asset quality,” it said.

Savills Malaysia managing director, Datuk Paul Khong said that house buyers are currently adopting a wait-and-see attitude against subdued and lacklustre transaction activities in the property market.

“It is no surprise to the sector that 2018 is an election year, of which market sentiment is quite mixed. We, therefore, foresee the property market to be rather flattish this year with nominal excitement,”

“We do, however, expect some market movements in the later second half of 2018 (2H18) — especially if the GE14 goes well and the confidence factor returns,” he said.

Savills executive chairman Datuk Christopher Boyd adds that, regardless of increase in demand, “it will not cause a price explosion because it will be tempered by quite a considerable backlog that some developers need to clear as well as the increasing supply.”

Virata Thaivasigamony of property consultancy CSI Prop states that the upcoming General Elections is expected to give a boosting momentum and direction for the country’s property sector.

“We expect GE14 to set the pace for the future, and go some way towards restoring the current lack of confidence in the local property market,”

“Currently the local property market is on a downward trend due to supply not meeting the demand for affordable housing, and demand not meeting the oversupply of higher-end properties. It will take some time till developers rebalance the available supply, and the market regains its footing,”

“The ringgit has strengthened so now would be a ideal time to invest in foreign property, in markets like the UK and Australia, with a potential for great returns,” he added, highlighting recent news reports that the ringgit had strengthened to a 2-year high this month.

Uncertainty still clouds the local market going into 2018, and the current glut of property, with more still in the pipeline, does not bode well for investment prospects in Malaysia at this time. With the ringgit currently at a 2-year high, property in overseas markets like the UK and Australia are more attractive than ever, offering investors an opportunity to take advantage of the currency rate and get on to the overseas investment bandwagon.

Article by Ian Choong

Sources:

  • http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2017/11/18/bank-negara-property-glut-highest-level-in-a-decade/
  • http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2017/11/13/unsold-residential-units-rise-40-in-first-6-months/
  • http://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/cover-story-higher-inventories-and-lower-margins-seen-among-developers
  • http://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/govts-housing-schemes-do-not-distort-market
  • http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2017/11/14/property-market-will-be-badly-hit-in-2018-says-expert/
  • http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2017/08/20/property-market-bubble-set-to-burst-says-think-tank/
  • http://english.astroawani.com/business-news/there-no-property-bubble-malaysia-160551
  • https://www.nst.com.my/business/2018/02/334879/malaysia-unlikely-face-property-bubble
  • https://dbv47yu57n5vf.cloudfront.net/s3fs-public/pullout/20180323_ep_2616_locked.pdf
  • https://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2017/11/27/moodys-expects-decline-in-property-prices-due-to-supply-overhang/#zI4BuSEAHm0lxl7s.99
  • http://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/ringgit-strengthens-more-2-year-high
  • Charts from BNM Quarterly Bulletin, Third Quarter 2017
  • Featured Image from hazuism.blogspot.com
  • https://csiprop.com/malaysian-property-market-decline-2018/
  • https://themalaysianreserve.com/2018/04/02/property-market-on-wait-and-see-attitude-pre-ge14/

CSI Prop proudly promotes international investment property with high yields at low risk. Our portfolio comprises residential and purpose-built student property in cities across the United Kingdom (London, Luton, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, York, Glasgow, Scotland; Sheffield, etc); Australia (Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane) and Thailand (Bangkok). Our projects are concentrated in high-growth areas with great educational, infrastructural and job growth potentials. We aspire to make a difference in the lives of our clients by helping them achieve their investment goals through strong market research backed by third party experts and due diligence.

Disclaimer: CSI Prop does not provide tax & legal advice and accepts no liability. Readers are encouraged to consult a qualified tax or legal advisor for a thorough review.

Need advice or clarification? Call us for more information and/or to find out about our projects! Hotline: 03-2162 2260

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Australia House Prices Stabilizing?

House prices across Australia have stabilized during the past week after months of falling.
Prices in Melbourne and Sydney have remained unchanged this week. For the last month prices in Melbourne dropped by 0.1% and Sydney by 0.6%. Image source: Business Insider dot com dot au

House prices across Australia seem to have stabilized after months of falling, with prices in Melbourne and Sydney remaining relatively unchanged this week. For the last month, prices in Melbourne dropped by 0.1% and Sydney, by 0.6%.

Nationally, housing values have fallen 0.8% since September 2016. On a yearly basis, price growth in Melbourne remains strong at an increase of 6.9%, but muted from the previous year. Sydney, however, registered a decrease of 0.3%.

CoreLogic’s head of research Tim Lawless said this was fuelled by tighter credit policies particularly focused on investment and interest-only lending, which reduced demand from that part of the market.

“We think there is already evidence that the slowdown in house prices is stabilising,” said David Plank, Head of Australian Economics at ANZ Bank.

“Base effects mean the annual house price figures will continue to slow for a while yet even if monthly prices are stabilising, but we would caution against focusing on the annual change over the seasonally adjusted monthly move as it will mean that turning points are missed.”

Could this week’s price stabilization indicate a turning point for the housing market?

Australia House Prices: housing undersupply vs population growth

According to data released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) last June, Australia’s residential population soared by 389,100, or 1.6%, to more than 24 million persons in the year to March, the fastest increase since 2014. However there was a 3.3% decline in residential construction, with the last quarter of 2017 recording a 0.7% decline.

New-build apartments like the upcoming Palladium Tower in Southbank, are being constructed to address the severe lack of housing in Melbourne.

Palladium Tower is strategically located in the Melbourne CBD area, right next to Fishermans Bend, Australia’s largest urban renewal project covering 485 hectares in the heart of Melbourne. By 2050, the area is expected to provide housing for up to 80,000 people, and employment for 40,000.

AMP Capital’s Shane Oliver told The New Daily that while Australia was near equality in construction versus population growth, for the most part, yet the last decade of construction had failed to keep up with Australia’s record population growth.

Commsec Senior Economist Ryan Felsman said, “If you look at Melbourne there’s 120,000 people moving to it per annum, but only 75,000 houses being built,”

Last year, the Urban Development Institute of Australia warned that Victoria could have a shortfall of 50,000 houses by 2020. ABS figures released in June show the state gained 144,400 to 6.3 million persons, a 2.3% increase compared to the previous year at 2.1%.

All the signs point to increased demand in the face of short supply over the next few years, especially in places like Melbourne where yearly price and rental rises have been consistent. With construction of new housing unable to match demand for the foreseeable future, opportunities continue to abound for the investor. 

By Ian Choong

Source:

https://www.businessinsider.com.au/australia-house-prices-steady-as-clearance-rates-lift-2018-2

https://www.businessinsider.com.au/australia-house-price-outlook-supply-and-demand-factors-2018-2

https://thenewdaily.com.au/money/property/2018/02/24/australia-not-building-enough-future/

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/0/13ABDBADFD4D140ACA2568A9001393D7?Opendocument

csiprop.com/melbourne-property-is-fastest-selling-in-australia/

csiprop.com/australia-faces-major-housing-undersupply/

CSI Prop proudly promotes international investment property with high yields at low risk. Our portfolio comprises residential and commercial property including student accommodation and carehomes, in cities across the United Kingdom (London, Luton, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, York, Glasgow, Scotland; Sheffield, etc) and Australia (Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane). Our projects are concentrated in high-growth areas with great educational, infrastructural and job growth potentials. We aspire to make a difference in the lives of our clients by helping them achieve their investment goals through strong market research backed by third party experts and due diligence. 

Disclaimer: CSI Prop does not provide tax & legal advice and accepts no liability. Readers are encouraged to consult a qualified tax or legal advisor for a thorough review.

Need advice or clarification? Call us for more information and/or to find out about our projects! Hotline: 03-2162 2260

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Australia Faces Major Housing Undersupply

Experts are predicting that Melbourne is heading for a housing undersupply due to the increase in population.

Not enough houses being built to tackle Australian housing undersupply

Just this week, data released from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) illuminated the dire undersupply of housing currently besetting the nation. New figures show an unsettling lack of houses, especially where they are needed most — cities such as Melbourne (specifically Melbourne CBD), Sydney, Brisbane and Hobart, all home to impressive population growth rates, are expected to depend greatly on new residential constructions to meet high demand.

The ABS figures showed a 3.3 per cent decline in residential construction in trend terms, with the last quarter of 2017 recording a 0.7 per cent decline — such trends still occur despite population growth, immigration and interstate migration which continue to push Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Hobart well into a more populous future!

AMP Capital’s Shane Oliver told The New Daily said that, for the most part, Australia was near equality in construction versus population growth, but that the last decade of construction had failed to keep up with Australia’s record population growth.

Housing Undersupply in the face of population growth

“If you look at Melbourne there’s 120,000 people moving to it per annum, but only 75,000 houses being built,” said Commsec Senior Economist Ryan Felsman, echoing Oliver’s observation.

The same concerns about Melbourne, specifically Melbourne CBD, have been heard before, the Urban Development Institute of Australia warned last year that the city could have a shortfall of 50,000 houses by 2020.

New-build apartments like the upcoming Palladium Tower in Southbank, are being constructed to address the severe lack of housing in Melbourne. Palladium Tower is strategically located in the Melbourne CBD area, right next to Fishermans Bend, Australia’s largest urban renewal project covering 485 hectares in the heart of Melbourne. By 2050, the area is expected to provide housing for up to 80,000 people, and employment for 40,000.

And yet, experts from BIS Oxford Economics who had gone on record to reverse its initial predictions about the surplus of apartments in the city centre, are stating that Melbourne is headed for an undersupply based on the increase in population.

If we zoom in on Melbourne’s astounding population growth, the shortage of houses will begin to hold even more weight. As of 2016, the estimated residential population in the municipality of the City of Melbourne was 151,176. This figure, when added to the colossal 903,000 people who were recorded to have travelled to or be present in the municipality on an average weekday, produces a whopping 7-digit figure the housing market is not currently prepared for.

Even more surprising is the population growth in Melbourne CBD. The district, which spans only 6.2 km^2, is expected to have a population of 76,982 in 2037, 44% higher than the population in 2017 — this growth forms 29% of the total projected population growth of the City of Melbourne within the same time frame!

To illustrate the critical undersupply in Melbourne, is a recent story of regarding a property developer, Tim Gurner, whose launch of rental apartments at 74 Eastern Road , South Melbourne, amassed a queue of people who snaked around the block to inspect the 47 newly completed units.  

The Australian Financial Review Rich Lister said his 74 Eastern Road apartment development attracted more than 500 inquiries and 150 rental applications without a single advertisement. All the apartments were subsequently leased within a few hours.

“We have been absolutely blown away by the response to the first inspection, which we only advertised with a single sign board on the front facade. Half an hour before the inspection time we already had a line out the door and around the corner,” Mr Gurner told The Australian Financial Review.

Gurner closes his account by declaring that operations that further restrict housing supply, such as increasing taxes on new constructions, will only exacerbate the issue for the house-hunting population.

As expected, high demand for houses will continue to propel Australia’s property market forward. Melbourne, especially, Melbourne CBD, is expected to take the brunt of this undersupply following its high population growth rate.

By Nimue Wafiya

Sources:

https://csiprop.com/the-spiraling-growth-of-melbourne-cbd/

http://melbournepopulation.geografia.com.au/

http://www.afr.com/real-estate/residential/lack-of-apartments-to-rent-will-hurt-in-18-months-says-tim-gurner-20180131-h0r401

https://thenewdaily.com.au/money/property/2018/02/24/australia-not-building-enough-future/

CSI Prop proudly promotes international investment property with high yields at low risk. Our portfolio comprises residential and commercial property including student accommodation and carehomes, in cities across the United Kingdom (London, Luton, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, York, Glasgow, Scotland; Sheffield, etc) and Australia (Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane). Our projects are concentrated in high-growth areas with great educational, infrastructural and job growth potentials. We aspire to make a difference in the lives of our clients by helping them achieve their investment goals through strong market research backed by third party experts and due diligence. 

Disclaimer: CSI Prop does not provide tax & legal advice and accepts no liability. Readers are encouraged to consult a qualified tax or legal advisor for a thorough review.

Need advice or clarification? Call us for more information and/or to find out about our projects! Hotline: 03-2162 2260

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The University of Melbourne’s New World-Class Campus

An artist’s impression of the University of Melbourne’s new Fishermans Bend campus (Image credit: The Age)

The University of Melbourne is building a new campus in Fishermans Bend as part of an ambitious A$1 billion plan to create a world-class engineering school in Victoria.

The university’s 2025 Engineering Strategy plan also includes upgrading the engineering facilities at its main Parkville campus site and developing the former Royal Women’s Hospital site. The plan is expected to provide an A$8 billion boost to Victoria’s economy and generate over 15,000 new jobs by 2035.

University of Melbourne’s new campus a catalyst to innovation 

The new campus — the institution’s eighth, to date — is located within Australia’s largest urban renewal project, right in the heart of Melbourne. Construction begins this year and it is expected to be ready in the early 2020s.

Vice-Chancellor Professor Glyn Davis said: “The university will be a catalyst for new collaborations and investments, connecting industry and research in the precinct.

“We have a proud history of innovation in this country. The new campus will give our researchers and students opportunities to work alongside industry, and pursue rich careers right here in Australia.

“When surrounded by start-up accelerators, business incubators, cutting-edge research, development and manufacturing facilities, and test sites, our students can immediately put ideas into action,” he said.

The move to Fishermans Bend will expand the University of Melbourne’s capabilities to undertake large-scale research and innovation, such as autonomous vehicles and smart grid technologies, with the inclusion of on-site facilities such as wind and water tunnels.

University of Melbourne School of Engineering Dean, Professor Iven Mareels said that the new campus would help to create entrepreneurial leaders and transformative technologies of the future.

“The Fishermans Bend campus will initially enable 1,000 engineering and IT students and academics to collaborate with world-leading local and international companies across industrial sectors as diverse as transport, energy, food, mining, infrastructure and water,” he said.

Fishermans Bend is Australia’s largest urban renewal project covering 485 hectares in the heart of Melbourne. It will consist of five precincts across two municipalities – the City of Melbourne and the City of Port Phillip – and connect Melbourne’s CBD to the bay. By 2050, the area is expected to provide housing for up to 80,000 people, and employment for 40,000.

The population growth rate of Melbourne has increased to 2.4%, which means 110,000 people are moving to the city every year. Vacancy rates in Melbourne continue to fall due to the severe undersupply of housing. New-build apartments like the upcoming Palladium Tower in Southbank, are being constructed to address the lack of housing, which is less than 5km away from the new campus, and can be reached by bike in less than 20 mins!

Nearer still, and just 5 mins away by bike from Palladium Tower is the University of Melbourne’s Southbank campus, which is also undergoing a A$200 million transformation. This transformation, expected to be ready by 2020,  will see the Conservatorium staff and students co-located with their colleagues and peers at the Victorian College of the Arts at the heart of the Melbourne Arts Precinct.

Palladium Tower has a walk score of a near perfect 98/100, which reflects how easy it is to get around without a car. With a self-contained Woolworths supermarket, and the Crown Casino & Entertainment Complex, Melbourne Convention & Exhibition Centre, Melbourne Arts Precinct and the Royal Botanical Gardens all within walking distance, Palladium Tower is strategically located at the nexus of all the city has to offer.

Keen to find out more about Palladium Tower or other projects in Melbourne? Give us a call at 03-2162 2260 or 016-221 8691/9150. Feel free to share and comment on this article!

By Ian Choong

Sources:

  1. https://www.alumni.unimelb.edu.au/university-announces-new-engineering-campus
  2. https://www.smh.com.au/national/victoria/students-set-to-take-the-bus-to-melbourne-unis-1b-future-of-engineering-20171221-h08ihg.html
  3. http://finearts-music.unimelb.edu.au/about/campus/southbank-campus-development

CSI Prop proudly promotes international investment property with high yields at low risk. Our portfolio comprises residential and commercial property including student accommodation and carehomes, in cities across the United Kingdom (London, Luton, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, York, Glasgow, Scotland; Sheffield, etc) and Australia (Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane). Our projects are concentrated in high-growth areas with great educational, infrastructural and job growth potentials. We aspire to make a difference in the lives of our clients by helping them achieve their investment goals through strong market research backed by third party experts and due diligence. 

Disclaimer: CSI Prop does not provide tax & legal advice and accepts no liability. Readers are encouraged to consult a qualified tax or legal advisor for a thorough review.

Need advice or clarification? Call us for more information and/or to find out about our projects! Hotline: 03-2162 2260